If by any chance you have grown interested in crafting or sewing during the pandemic period or want to fix common clothing problems without a hassle, a sewing machine is a must-have. However, not all machines offer equal features. There is a wide range of variety to choose from designed for users, starting from beginners to pros.
Investing in a sewing machine can be a daunting task irrespective of whether you are a pro or new to this field. But buying a sewing machine can promise many fun hours, creativity, and maybe a career, who knows! To help you find an ideal sewing machine, in this article, we have rounded up different types of sewing machines available in India and the factors that you must consider while getting one.
5 Major Types of Sewing Machines in India
Different types of sewing machines can be categorized according to their features like sewing, quilting, and embroidery. Basically, there are 5 types of sewing machines that are listed below:
1. Mechanical Sewing Machine
Mechanical machines are also referred to as manual machines or domestic sewing machines. The basic settings of these sewing machines are done manually by the user. If you have recently developed an interest in sewing and are a beginner, mechanical machines will suit you the best. They are quite, simple machines with a few numbers of features and are easily repairable.
Another benefit of buying a mechanical machine is that it is cost-effective. Its features include a built-in presser foot, adjustable stitch length, bottom loading Bobbin, adjustable Tension, and a single (straight and reverse) stitch.
Some of the latest models even feature more than one inbuilt stitch pattern. However, these machines are not suitable for sewing thick fabrics such as denim and leather. Most of the mechanical sewing machines come in a black color aluminum body. Two of its classic styles include stand-based or table-based. The ones operated by foot run on human efforts, but they are fitted with an electric motor that replaces human efforts these days.
The treadle sewing machines take up a great deal of space and are mostly immovable. Latest advancements in mechanical sewing machines include small LED screens that help select the stitch pattern of the user’s choice. Domestic sewing machine prices in India ranges between Rs.2500/- to Rs.15000/-.
2. Electronic Sewing Machine
Electronic Sewing Machines are in demand more than mechanical ones as they have a greater number of features. The electronic ones are an amalgamation of the mechanical sewing machine and computerized sewing machine.
These machines are best suited for DIY projects and expertise in sewing as they are lightweight and have a compact size. Moreover, electronic sewing machines are free-arm and motorized machines with built-in needle threaders, top-loading drop-in bobbins, auto tripping bobbins, automatic thread cutter, and twin needle compatibility.
A few latest models even have an LCD screen to select the patterns accordingly. They have adjustable stitch length, width, presser foot, and needle positioning, along with an attachment option for other features.
Electronic sewing machines are perfect for good quality stitching, minimum of 7 in-built stitch capabilities, embroidering, hemming, blind stitch, buttonhole stitch, hemming zip fixing, smocking, reverse-stitch lever, stretch stitching, and quilting.
Depending upon the model, electronic sewing machines can either run on electricity or a battery. Even though these machines are expensive than mechanical machines, their maintenance is quite pocket-friendly. The price of electronic sewing machines in India can range from Rs.6000/- to 25000/-.
3. Computerized Sewing Machine
These are next-level sewing machines that can be connected to the internet, computer, or design-loaded cards. Computerized sewing machines are mostly used in industries where large-scale fabrics are designed within a minimum amount of time.
The inbuilt stitching capacity of these machines is a minimum of 50 and a maximum of 200. Some of the most attractive features are that they have multiple needles and multiple spool spinners for various colors of thread spools for embroidering, sewing, quilting, smocking, etc.
Computerized sewing machines are bigger in size, work very fast, and are way more efficient than other sewing machines. Another appealing feature of computerized machines is the Autopilot stitching mode. This mode enables the machine to control the speed (number of stitches per minute), thread tension, and stitch strength automatically without human effort.
In India, these machines have a cost ranging from Rs.25000/- to Rs. 100000/-. If your budget is not of any concern, you should consider buying computerized sewing machines as they are one of the best sewing machines you can buy.
4. Embroidery Sewing Machine
Embroidery machines are intended for designing various embroidery patterns on the fabric. You will usually find an embroidering presser foot attached to the machine. A zigzag machine for basic embroidering would be suitable for beginners. However, professional or skilled personnel prefer an electronic sewing machine model featuring several patterns. Embroidery machines are costly when compared to mechanical sewing machines, but the maintenance is pocket-friendly.
5. Overlocker Sewing Machine
Overlocker or Sergers Sewing Machines are primarily utilized to seam or overlock the fabrics, which means joining/sewing together the edges of the fabric. Professionals use overlock machines to give a sleek finishing to their designs.
These machines are primarily seen in Garment industries where it is employed for edging the fabrics like napkins, curtains, pillow covers, elastic Hemming or seaming in lingerie designing, etc. These machines contain an inbuilt cutter that assists in cutting off the uneven edges of the fabric and edging the garment or textile simultaneously.
The stitching pattern of an overlocker machine relies on the number of threads it uses, such as single-threaded overlock stitch, 2 threaded overlock stitch, 3 threaded overlock stitch, 4 threaded overlock stitch, and 5 threaded overlock stitch.
The users can adjust the width and length of the stitch as per their choice. Most of the Indian tailors use 2 threaded or 3 threaded overlock stitch patterns for edging different garments. Generally, the price of the overlockers machine in India varies from Rs.3000/- to Rs. 50,000/-.
Factors To Consider When Buying A Sewing Machine
1. Types of Stitches
If we talk about the types of stitches that are facilitated by different sewing machines:
I. Mechanical sewing machine does straight stitch.
II. An electronic sewing machine does decorative stitch/embroidery stitch.
III. Overlock machines are capable of finishing just the edges.
IV. An automatic sewing machine does embroidery work, but an exclusive embroidery machine fails to do so.
V. A computerized sewing machine does quilt work.
2. Personal Usage
People who have a hobby of sewing for themselves and their family members can go for a Manual and Automatic sewing machine. These machines are best suited for domestic and basic home-oriented sewing work. In an industry or garment factory, a specialized sewing machine is what will be the best for it. An electric sewing machine with high speed and low maintenance requirements would be ideal for a tailoring shop or fashion boutique making high quality suits. High-end computerized machines are primarily for labor-saving.
3. Storage Space
There will be times when you want to take a break and put the machine away when not in use or carry your sewing machine to some craft fairs or competitions. The storage, size, and weight of the sewing machine are equally important to note while buying one for yourself. Moreover, even the small ones that are portable vary in terms of weight. So, it would be better to try lifting it beforehand to guess whether you can carry it or not.
In addition, you can even check the weight listed online before buying. If you have no plans to take your machine out for any purpose and use it at home in a designated place, a heavier sewing machine will suit you the best.
4. Type of Energy Used (Manual / Electric)
Sewing machines run on two types of energy, i.e., Manual Energy and Electric Power Energy. A manual machine is either hand-operated or foot-operated, due to which it requires physical energy to run a manual sewing machine.
All sewing machines can be turned into an electric one with an electric motor and a few basic settings. It is impossible for automatic, electronic, industrial, and computerized sewing machines to run without electricity.
Many people emphasize the cost of the sewing machine rather than its features, stitches, and design. Basing on the cost, sewing machines can be divided into 3 categories:
1. Cheap: Includes the mechanical and basic automatic sewing machines that are quite budget-friendly.
2. Affordable: Includes zig-zag automatic and electric sewing machines that are moderately expensive.
3. Premium: Includes computerized and specialized sewing machines that are highly priced.
We understand that looking for a new sewing machine can be exciting and daunting simultaneously. This is because people often have a hard time figuring out where to start considering the endless makes and models in the market. Nevertheless, it all narrows down to how you want to use it, who you are as a sewer, how much money you are willing to spend on it, and your sewing desires. Considering these facts, you can find yourself a top-notch sewing machine that will offer you years of sewing fun. Happy sewing